|Has the Gospel borrowed
historical accounts describing Jesus from previous Eastern
scriptures which existed centuries before the Bible?
Krishna was depicted as if crucified. The Persian remembered
only the atoning sufferings on the cross of Mithras the
Mediator. Aztecs prayed for the return of their crucified
saviour, Quexalcoatl, and were rewarded with Cortez. Caucasians
chanted praises to their slain Divine Intercessor, Prometheus,
for voluntarily offering himself upon the cross for the sins of
a fallen race. Yet the Christian disciple hugs to his bosom the
bloody cross of the murdered Jesus, confident that only one god
ever died for the sins of man.
To retain their following, Christianity is based on
unchangeable dogmas which disciples must accept to the exclusion of
all knowledge adverse to their own creed. Whenever they are able
they actually destroy contrary evidence for fear of rivalry. Then
they magnify their own religion to a unique position above all
The earlier Christian saints, having determined like Paul, to
know only Jesus Christ and him
crucified, made stern efforts to obliterate from the page of
history facts damaging to their case.
A report on the Hindu religion, made out by a deputation from
the British Parliament, sent to India to examine their sacred books
and monuments, was left in the hands of a Christian bishop at
Calcutta, with instructions to forward it to England. On its arrival
in London, it was so horribly mutilated as to be scarcely
recognisable. The account of the crucifixion was gone. The inference
The disciples of the Christian faith have burnt books, blotted
out passages and bowdlerised testaments which suggested the opposite
of their belief. Not only that, they have demolished monuments
showing crucifixions of previous atoning gods so that they are now
unknown. Hence, the disbelief of Christians when other cases are
Kersey Graves, in a well known book written over a century
ago, gives examples of sixteen crucified gods or saviours. Most are
very ancient and arguable, depending upon the interpretation of
pictures or scuptures since no original written sources now exist,
often victims of Christians determined to preserve the memory of
only one crucified god.
For the same reasons the dates of their occurrence are
doubtful and because chronology before the time of Alexander the
Great (330 BC) is far from certain, and the dating of icons,
especially from distant or isolated cultures is uncertain. Even
mainstream studies of the ancient Near East are involved in
controversy over dates, Peter James for example claiming in a well
argued case that several centuries have been mistakenly inserted
into near Eastern chronologies. It is certain these crucifixions
occurred before the time of Christ, but their exact date cannot be
These crucifixions are not vouchsafed as actual occurrences.
The objective is not to prove them real events but simply that the
belief in the crucifixion of gods was prevalent long before the
crucifixion of Christ. To establish this point then six will prove
it as well as sixteen. Indeed, one case is sufficient. The reader is
left to decide.
Tammuz of Mesopotamia 1160 BC.
Tammuz was a god of Assyria, Babylonia and
Sumeria where he was known as Dumuzi. He is commemorated in the name
of the month of June, Du'uzu, the fourth month of a year which
begins at the spring equinox. The fullest history extant of this
saviour is probably that of Ctesias (400 BC), author of Persika. The
poet has perpetuated his memory in rhyme.
Trust, ye saints, your Lord restored,
Trust ye in your risen Lord;
For the pains which Tammuz endured
Our salvation have procured.
Tammuz was crucified as an atonement offering:
Trust ye in God, for out of his loins
salvation has come unto us. Julius Firmicus speaks of this God
rising from the dead for the salvation of the world. This saviour
which long preceded the advent of Christ, filled the same role in
Wittoba is represented in his story with nail-holes in his
hands and the soles of his feet. Nails, hammers and pincers are
constantly seen represented on his crucifixes and are objects of
adoration among his followers, just as the iron crown of Lombardy
has within it a nail claimed to be of his true original cross, and
is much admired and venerated for that reason. The worship of this
crucified God prevails chiefly in the Travancore and other southern
states of India in the region of Madura.
Iao of Nepal 622 BC.
Iao was crucified on a tree in Nepal. The name
of this incarnate god and oriental saviour occurs frequently in the
holy bibles and sacred books of other countries. Some suppose that
Iao is the root of the name of the Jewish God, Yehouah (Jehovah),
often abbreviated to Yeho.
Hesus of the Celtic Druids 834
The Celtic Druids depict their god Hesus as
having been crucified with a lamb on one side and an elephant on the
other, and that this occurred long before the Christian era.
The elephant, being the largest animal known, was chosen to
represent the magnitude of the sins of the world, while the lamb,
from its proverbial innocent nature, was chosen to represent the
innocence of the victim, the god offered as a propitiatory
sacrifice. We have the Lamb of God taking away the sins of the
world. The Lamb of God could therefore have been borrowed from the
Druids. This legend was found in Gaul long before Jesus Christ was
known to history.
Quezalcoatl of Mexico 587 BC.
Historical authority of the crucifixion of this
Mexican god is explicit, unequivocal and ineffaceable. The evidence
is tangible, and indelibly engraven upon metal plates. One of these
plates represents him as having been crucified on a mountain.
Another represents him as having been crucified in the heavens, as
St Justin tells us Christ was. Sometimes he is represented as having
been nailed to a cross, sometimes with two thieves hanging with him,
and sometimes as hanging with a cross in his hand.
Quirinius of Rome 506 BC.
The crucifixion of this Roman saviour is
remarkable for the parallel features to that of the Judaean saviour,
not only in the circumstances of his crucifixion, but also in much
of his antecedent life.
He is represented, like Christ:
- As having been conceived and brought forth by a virgin.
- His life was sought by the reigning king, Amulius.
- He was of royal blood, his mother being of kingly descent.
- He was put to death by wicked hands or crucified.
- At his mortal exit the whole earth is said to have been
enveloped in darkness, as in the case of Christ, Krishna, and
- And finally he is resurrected, and ascends back to heaven.
Prometheus 547 B.C.
The crucifixion of Prometheus of Caucasus,
described by Seneca, Hesiod, and other writers, states that he was
nailed to an upright beam of timber, to which were affixed extended
arms of wood, and that this cross was situated near the Caspian
Straits. The modern story of this crucified God, which has him bound
to a rock for thirty years, while vultures preyed upon his vitals,
is a Christian fraud.
The poet, in portraying his propitiatory offering, says:
Lo! streaming from the fatal tree
His all atoning blood,
Is this the Infinite?–Yes, 'tis he,
Prometheus, and a god!
Well might the sun in darkness hide,
And veil his glories in,
When God, the great Prometheus, died
For man the creature's sin.
It is doubtful whether there is to be found in the whole range
of Greek letters deeper pathos than that of the divine woe of the
beneficent demigod Prometheus, crucified on his Scythian crags for
his love to mortals. When he dies:
- That the whole frame of nature became convulsed.
- The earth shook, the rocks were rent, the graves were
opened, and in a storm, which seemed to threaten the dissolution
of the universe, the solemn scene forever closed, and Our Lord and
saviour Prometheus gave up the ghost.
The cause for which he suffered was his love for the human
race. The whole story of Prometheus' crucifixion, burial and
resurrection was acted in pantomime in Athens five hundred years
before Christ, which proves its great antiquity. Minutius Felix, one
of the most popular Christian writers of the second century
addresses the people of Rome:
Your victorious trophies not only represent a simple cross,
but a cross with a man on it, and this man St. Jerome calls a god.
These coincidences are more proof that the tradition of the
crucifixion of gods has been very long prevalent among the heathen.
Thulis of Egypt 1700 BC.
Thulis of Egypt, whence comes
Ultima Thule, died the death of
the cross about thirty-five hundred years ago.
Ultima Thule was the island which marked the
ultimate bounds of the extensive empire of this legitimate
descendant of the gods.
This Egyptian saviour appears also to have been known as Zulis.
His history is curiously illustrated in the sculptures, made
seventeen hundred years BC of a small, retired chamber lying nearly
over the western adytum of the temple. Twenty-eight lotus plants
near his grave indicate the number of years he lived on the earth.
After suffering a violent death, he was buried, but rose again,
ascended into heaven, and there became the judge of the dead, or of
souls in a future state. He came down from heaven to benefit
mankind, and that he was said to be full of grace and truth.
Indra of Tibet 725 BC.
This Tibetan saviour is shown nailed to the
cross. There are five wounds, representing the nail-holes and the
piercing of the side. The antiquity of the story is beyond dispute.
Marvellous stories are told of the birth of the Divine
Redeemer. His mother was a virgin of black complexion, and hence his
complexion was of the ebony hue, as in the case of Christ and some
other sin-atoning saviours. He descended from heaven on a mission of
benevolence, and ascended back to the heavenly mansion after his
crucifixion. He led a life of strict celibacy, which, he taught, was
essential to true holiness. He inculcated great tenderness toward
all living beings. He could walk upon the water or upon the air; he
could foretell future events with great accuracy. He practised the
most devout contemplation, severe discipline of the body and mind,
and completely subdued his passions. He was worshiped as a god who
had existed as a spirit from all eternity, and his followers were
called Heavenly Teachers.
Alcestos of Euripides 600 BC.
A less usual crucified God was Alcestos, who
was female, the only example of a feminine God atoning for the sins
of the world upon the cross. The doctrine of the trinity and atoning
offering for sin was inculcated as a part of her religion.
Attis of Phrygia 1170 BC.
Speaking of this crucified Messiah, the
Anacalypsis informs us that several histories are given of him, but
all concur in representing him as having been an atoning offering
for sin. And the Latin phrase
suspensus lingo, found in his history, indicates the manner of
his death. He was suspended on a tree, crucified, buried and rose
Crite of Chaldaea 1200 BC.
The Chaldeans have noted in their sacred books
the crucifixion of a god with the above name. He was also known as
the Redeemer, and was styled the Ever Blessed Son of God, the
saviour of the Race, the Atoning Offering for an Angry God. When he
was offered up, both heaven and earth were shaken to their
Bali of Orissa 725 BC.
In Orissa, in Asia, they have the story of a
crucified God, known by several names, including the above, all of
which, we are told, signify Lord
Second, his being the second person or second member of the
trinity. Most of the crucified gods occupied that position in a
trinity of gods, the Son, in all cases, being the atoning offering.
This God Bali was also called Baliu, and sometimes Bel. Monuments of
this crucified God, bearing great age, may be found amid the ruins
of the magnificent city of Mahabalipore, partially buried amongst
the figures of the temple.
Mithras of Persia 600 BC.
This Persian God was slain upon the cross to
make atonement for mankind, and to take away the sins of the world.
He was born on the twenty-fifth day of December, and crucified on a
tree. Christian writers both speak of his being slain, and yet both
omit to speak of the manner in which he was put to death. And the
same policy has been pursued with respect to other crucified gods of
the pagans, as we have shown.
Devatat of Siam, Ixion of Rome, Apollonius of Tyana in
Cappadocia, are all reported to have died on the cross."
Ixion, 400 BC, was crucified on a wheel, the rim representing
the world, and the spokes constituting the cross. He bore the burden
of the world, the sins of the world, on his back while suspended on
the cross. He was therefore called the crucified spirit of the
It is curious that Christian writers will recount a long list
of miracles and remarkable incidents in the life of Apollonius of
Tyana, the Cappadocian saviour, forming a parallel to those of the
Christian saviour, yet say not a word about his crucifixion.
Christian writers find it necessary to omit the crucifixion of
these saviours fearing the telling would lessen the spiritual force
of the crucifixion of Christ, which has to be unique. They thus
exalted the tradition of the crucifixion into the most important
dogma of the Christian faith. Hence, their efforts to conceal from
the public the fact that it is of pagan origin.
Mackey's Lexicon of Freemasonry
says that Freemasons secretly taught the doctrine of the
crucifixion, atonement and resurrection preceded the Christian era,
and that similar doctrines were taught in all the ancient mysteries.